Technical Brief: Postpartum Vitamin A Supplementation: Evaluating the Evidence for Action

This technical brief reviews the scientific rationale for postpartum supplementation and examines the available evidence on whether or not this intervention can improve the nutritional status, breast milk quality, and functional health outcomes in mothers and children. The results suggest that program planners may need to balance the evidence that vitamin A supplementation improves the health status in women and children against programmatic costs.