This study explored the determinants of hemoglobin and iron status in Bangladesh, as the prevalence of iron deficiency is quite low, according to the 2011-2012 National Micronutrient Survey. Findings suggested that iron-rich groundwater is associated with higher iron status for all groups and higher levels of hemoglobin for pre-school age children, illuminating iron in groundwater as a contributing factor for low levels of iron deficiency in this country. However, anemia prevalence is higher than that of iron deficiency, suggesting that other underlying causes require further investigation.
Public Health Nutrition. 2016