Based on findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 Study, researchers sought to determine the levels and trends in the leading causes of death and disability among younger children (<5 years), older children (5-9 years), and adolescents (10-19 years). They discovered that iron deficiency anemia was the number one cause of years lived with disability for children and adolescents. To see reductions in the mortality and morbidity of these groups, leaders and policymakers must understand the levels and trends in the burden of diseases and injuries affecting children and adolescents, and utilize the available proven interventions.
JAMA Pediatrics. 2016