In this study, the authors sought to determine the relationship between soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections and risks for anemia, stunting, wasting, and underweight in children in Timor-Leste, a country with high rates of these conditions. In the Manufahi District, researchers analyzed stool samples for STH and measured hemoglobin, height, and weight. They determined that anemia prevalence was low (15%), but rates of stunting (60%), wasting (20%), and underweight (60%) were high and should be addressed using appropriate nutrition interventions. While STH did not appear to be a significant risk factor for these poor child development and morbidity outcomes, the authors conclude that its high prevalence nonetheless warrants STH control strategies.
Campbell, S., Parasite Vectors (April 2017).