Penny et al. (2005); Peru

Scale/Scope: 
1 city (Trujillo) with a population of 600,000
Evaluation Design: 
RCT – 377 newborns (187 intervention, 190 control)
Outcomes: 
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at… - 6 months
Results: 
31% vs. 20%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.03
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at…- 8 months
Results: 
21% vs. 27%
P-values/CIs: 
NS
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at…- 9 months
Results: 
35% vs. 17%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.000
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at…- 12 months
Results: 
42% vs. 26%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.003
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at…- 15 months
Results: 
42% vs. 34%
P-values/CIs: 
NS
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children eating thick food as first main meal at meal times (i.e., not just giving soup) at…- 18 months
Results: 
44% vs. 38%
P-values/CIs: 
NS
High Impact Practices: 
Introduction of complementary foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children consuming egg, chicken liver, or fish at… - 6 months
Results: 
65% vs. 51%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.009
High Impact Practices: 
Ensuring nutrient content of foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children consuming egg, chicken liver, or fish at…- 8 months
Results: 
61% vs. 49%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.019; NS at 9, 12, 15, or 18 months
High Impact Practices: 
Ensuring nutrient content of foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children consuming breast milk + 2 thick preparations + animal source food at 9 months
Results: 
34% vs. 23%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.029; NS at 6, 8, 12, 15, or 18 months
High Impact Practices: 
Ensuring nutrient content of foods
Outcomes Measured: 
% of children fed breast milk + 2 thick preparations + animal source food at 9 months
Results: 
34% vs. 23%
P-values/CIs: 
p=0.029; NS at months 6, 8, 12, 15, or 18
High Impact Practices: 
Providing adequate meal frequency and energy density