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A woman crouching with a hajol.

The study looked at spillover effects in 16 focus group discussions (FGDs) in 15 villages across 4 districts. The findings from the FGDs show that at least 8–10 households around each...

A Bangladeshi woman sits on a blanket with her two young children. There is a plate of food on the blanket and she is holding out her hand with food in it to feed the younger child.

To measure changes plausibly brought about by the FNS program when implemented at scale, this study surveyed a cohort of women who participated in the FNS curriculum beginning in November...

A mother holds her baby up in the air. Both look happy. The mother smiles at the baby. The baby smiles at the camera.

SPRING implemented an innovative, scalable, and sustainable community-based, multi-channel, integrated nutrition program between April 2012 and June 2017 in Bangladesh.

A woman sits in her garden

The goal of the research was to measure empowerment among FNS beneficiaries and to compare the average WEAI score among different cohorts of the FNS program and, using the BIHS data, to...


Photo of toddler boy holding a cup and looking into the camera as his parents watch in the background

Working in 13 countries from 2012 to 2018, the SPRING project supported policy processes across social and behavior change communication (SBCC), anemia prevention, food fortification and...

Figure 2: Dietary Diversity Score of Women

To better understand which behaviors were changing and which behavior changes were sustained following the end of the direct FNS intervention, SPRING undertook a mixed-methods cohort study...

Location: Bangladesh
A man teaches a group of men and women.

SPRING/Bangladesh has shown how collaboration and coordination among various government departments can contribute to better nutrition.

Location: Bangladesh
Photo of women holding clear jugs over a table of vegetables.

In early 2012, the U.S. Agency for International Development asked the SPRING project to develop an approach for improving nutrition and food security that could be quickly scaled up across...

Location: Bangladesh
Photo of two women at a table going over a diagram.

The SPRING project in Bangladesh partners with a multitude of government health staff to reach pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and children under two via numerous contact points in a...

Location: Bangladesh
Recommendations along the life cycle graphic

Reducing undernutrition requires a commitment from multiple sectors, yet documentation on how to collaborate across sectors to reach global goals is scant. Through a three-country...


Thumbnail of the first page page of the infographic - see PDF for contents

SPRING’s farmer nutrition school approach in Bangladesh improved nutrition and hygiene practices and increased production and consumption of diversified, micronutrient-rich foods among...

Location: Bangladesh
Screenshot of the first page of the infographic

SPRING’s work in Bangladesh (2012-2017) aimed to improve the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women and children under two. By working through multiple channels, SPRING...

Location: Bangladesh
Bangladesh Country Achievements, Project Year 5

This infographic shows the Bangladesh's continued growth in reach and impact during project year 5 (FY 2016).

Location: Bangladesh

Success Stories

Mst. Nurunnahar provides messages on handwashing practices and dietary diversity during her session.

Mst. Nurunnahar, the sub-assistant agriculture officer for the Department of Agricultural Extension in Babuganj upazila, has always been proud of her work, but before 2012, she did not view...

Sefali Begum prepares the vermicomposting bed for her successful homestead garden in Barisal, Bangladesh.

Sefali Begum learned about vermicomposting through FNS and was able to grow vegetables in her home garden.

Officer Faridul Islam washes his hands with a tippy tap.

Officer Faridual Islam learned about the FNS practice of using tippy taps while on patrol near a FNS.

National Anemia Profiles

front page of document

SPRING has developed a series of 25 National Anemia Profiles, which provide country-specific information on the causes and burden of anemia, the policy environment, and program indicators.

Keywords: Anemia
Location: Bangladesh

Job Aids and Tools

Sitting in a circle at a FNS

This guide provides practical information on the evidence and foundations of the FNS approach and SPRING/Bangladesh’s experience implementing it. It also explains how to adapt the approach...

FNS Flash Card

These flash cards were developed by SPRING/Bangladesh to accompany the Session Guide and depict concepts that are difficult or dangerous to otherwise show during a training session.

Keywords: Farmer nutrition school
Location: Bangladesh


The SPRING/Bangladesh team shows off their green outfits at the end of the closing workshop.

SPRING/Bangladesh's formal closing workshop was held on March 21, 2017, in Dhaka.

Location: Bangladesh


Closeout workshop participants standing in front of a SPRING/Bangladesh banner.

SPRING/Bangladesh's formal closing workshop was held on March 21, 2017 in Dhaka.

Location: Bangladesh
The delegation views a community garden

SPRING/Bangladesh was honored to receive two high officials of the Government of Bangladesh on February 27, 2017.

Keywords: Farmer nutrition school
Location: Bangladesh
U.S. Ambassador and USAID Mission Director Visit a SPRING/Bangladesh Farmer Nutrition School

A senior U.S. government and USAID delegation visited a SPRING/Bangladesh Farmer Nutrition School (FNS) in December.

Keywords: Farmer nutrition school
Location: Bangladesh
Students wash their hands at tippy taps

In October 2016, SPRING/Bangladesh celebrated Global Handwashing Day with over 100 community activities.


Four women making a hajol for chicken rearing.

This short video is a brief overview of the work that SPRING has been doing in Bangladesh since the project began in 2012.

Woman leading a Farmer Nutrition School in Bangladesh

SPRING pioneered the community-based farmer nutrition schools (FNS) approach to promote the production of nutrient-dense vegetables, fruits, and animal source foods at the household level...

Scene from video where students raise their hands to pledge to build handwashing stations at home

This short video features a group of adolescent students pledging to build handwashing stations in their households. Video taken at Kodaldhoya Government Primary School, Agailjhara upazila...


In Bangladesh, women are relatively less empowered in comparison to the male members in the household—in most cases, they are not in a position to take part in the household decision making...

Location: Online, Bangladesh

Training Materials

Women holds a net with a fish

Farmer Nutrition School (FNS) is a community-based learning approach that promotes the Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) and the Essential Hygiene Actions (EHA) by teaching the production...


Resource Review Summaries

When deciding how to design or whether to fund a nutrition-sensitive agricultural intervention, we need to know the potential scope of impact. How many people will we reach? This blog...

This guide reports on the learning that has emerged from the Transform Nutrition consortium's research examining the potential of the social protection and agriculture sectors in Bangladesh...

This report summarizes an online discussion event held April 25-26 2017, hosted by Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia. The LANSA agri-food value chains research teams have...

The Developing Local Extension Capacity (DLEC) Project produced diagnostics of the extension systems in Bangladesh and Nigeria. These analyses take a critical and constructive approach to...

Keywords: Agriculture
Location: Bangladesh, Nigeria

During this seminar, Gitau Mbure, Senior Technical Advisor for Agriculture at World Vision, and Clare Sullivan, Deputy Agriculture and Food Security Center at Columbia University, shared...

This journal article investigates the extent of children’s exposure to animal feces and whether this exposure is associated with child anthropometry. Using diverse, large samples of data...

Bangladesh achieved rapid growth in rice productivity at a relatively late stage in Asia's Green Revolution, as well as unheralded progress against undernutrition. This paper identifies the...

Keywords: Agriculture, Food systems
Location: Bangladesh

GAIN and the Business for Social Responsibility Change Associates are testing scalable solutions to reduce malnutrition among garment factory workers in Bangladesh. They believe that...

Keywords: Anemia
Location: Bangladesh

This study examined the impact of nutrition and hygiene interventions on stunting in full-term low-birthweight infants. Researchers found that hand sanitizer, combined with nutrition,...

Keywords: Anemia, Micronutrient
Location: Bangladesh

This article features one community’s story of an innovative, community-focused approach to tackling malnutrition in rural Bangladesh through its Farmer Nutrition School pioneered by SPRING...

This paper documents the Alive & Thrive project’s efforts to scale-up infant and young child feeding interventions in three countries from 2009 to 2013. Systems strengthening is seen as...

Bangladesh experiences high hunger rates, especially seasonally. Short duration varieties and direct seeding of rice were introduced to farmers in Northwest Bangladesh during the monsoon...

Keywords: Food security, Agriculture
Location: Bangladesh

This photo essay explores livelihoods in Bangladesh in detail, focusing on a woman farmer who learned how to improve sanitation in her community through a community video program. With...

This study explored the determinants of hemoglobin and iron status in Bangladesh, as the prevalence of iron deficiency is quite low, according to the 2011-2012 National Micronutrient Survey...

Keywords: Anemia
Location: Bangladesh

This article reviews evidence related to the agriculture to nutrition pathways in Bangladesh to reveal gaps in knowledge and research. The review examined articles and resources and rated...

Location: Bangladesh

The promotion of a small indigenous fish rich in vitamin A can cost effectively improve vitamin A intake, as described in this benefit-cost analysis. With fish already an important part of...

Location: Bangladesh

This webinar highlighted the importance of an integrated nutrition-sensitive social protection system. Field examples are from Bangladesh, Zambia, Myanmar, and Nigeria.

Multisectoral programmatic approaches can bring about improved nutritional outcomes. This article features Bangladesh as a promising example in achieving nutritional outcomes as the country...

Location: Bangladesh

Home-based vegetable production has been lauded as a nutrition- and gender-sensitive intervention, yet evidence is lacking. This study tested whether women’s training in improved home...

Location: Bangladesh

Maternal micronutrient deficiencies can adversely affect fetal and infant health, but there is insufficient evidence to guide the use of multiple micronutrient supplements. The JiVitA-3...

Location: Bangladesh

This Ag Sector Council event featured an update on a range of scientific advances that will directly impact the future of global rice supplies and the sustainability of intensive rice...

Location: Nepal, India, Bangladesh

The July 2014 edition of the Feed the Future Newsletter features stories on how the initiative is working to improve nutrition through the U.S. President’s Initiative. Read about efforts in...

Location: Uganda, Bangladesh

WASHPlus The March 2014 edition of the WASH/Nutrition Literature Update included a wide range of articles, with WASH/nutrition studies focused on Bangladesh, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Nepal, and...

Location: Bangladesh

In December, the NALAN group held a webinar on integrating gender and social and behavioral change into projects featuring Helen Keller International in Bangladesh and Food for the Hungry...

Location: Bangladesh