This paper advocates for “health systems analysis” (HSA) as a methodology that should be practiced when designing policies and programs for health system strengthening. Health systems analysis uses history, politics, and other arrangements to analyze how health system inputs, processes, and outputs combine to produce outcomes. Through this analysis, HSA is able to estimate causes of poor health system performance and suggest ways to improve performance.
Berman, Peter, and Ricardo Bitran. "Health Systems Analysis for Better Health System Strengthening." The World Bank, 2011.