In this study, researchers evaluated the impact of the 1999-2010 scale-up of malaria control interventions in Tanzania. The authors were specifically interested in determining the relationship between increased malaria control efforts and under-five mortality and anemia during this time period. Largely attributed to insecticide-treated nets and artemisinin-based combination therapy, the authors concluded that there were substantial reductions in under-five child mortality (45 percent decline between 1995 and 2005), and severe anemia prevalence (50 percent decline between 2005 and 2010), with high-risk children seeing the greatest improvements.
PLoS One. 2015