Anemia has substantial negative effects on the health and economic wellbeing of nations and communities. Children with anemia experience irrevocable cognitive and developmental delays and exhibit decreased worker productivity as adults.1 Globally, maternal anemia increases the risk of pre-term delivery and low birth weight, and iron-deficiency anemia underlies 115,000 maternal deaths and 591,000 perinatal deaths each year.2
Status of Policies or Strategies to Support Reductions in Anemia*
| IFA for pregnant women
IFA for women of reproductive age
IFA for adolescent girls
Iron and/or folic acid fortification legislation
Delayed cord clamping
Dietary diversity for complementary feeding
Micronutrient powders for children
Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) for household use
| Indoor residual spraying
National policy on sanitation
n/a IPTp for pregnant women**
Malaria diagnosis and treatment
Deworming for children
Deworming for pregnant women
| no policy
| policy in place
For infants and young children, delayed cord clamping, sleeping under a bednet, exclusive breastfeeding reduce the risk of becoming anemic.
For young children, continued breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding (including micronutrients), preventing and treating malaria, and taking deworming pills can prevent anemia and promote healthy growth.
In 2011, 34% of children 6-23 months of age consumed foods rich in iron
Women and Adolescent Girls
For women and adolescent girls, IFA supplements and deworming help prevent anemia. Family planning delays the age at first birth.
Nearly one third (31%) of married adolescent girls expressed an unmet need for family planning (2011)
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. 2014. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2013. Lima, Perú: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. 2009. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2007-2008. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro.
Reyes, Jorge y Luis H. Ochoa. 2001. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2000. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International Inc.
Profile revised December 2016.