Despite strides made to reduce global hunger, vulnerable people on a global scale are still hungry. The availability of cheap cereal foods has coincided with a reduction in dietary diversity. A dearth of data on the relationship between biodiversity, dietary diversity, and food security with nutritional status of children in Kenya, and other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, prompted this study to contextualize the associations between these factors.
Agriculture and Nutrition Resource Review
The Agriculture and Nutrition Resource Review is a monthly selection of materials to keep you updated on research and developments related to strengthening linkages between agriculture and nutrition. Resources from this month’s review are featured below. To see materials from earlier editions, or to view resources from across SPRING's technical areas, visit the Resource Review.
Interested in a broader perspective? You can find interesting resources from across SPRING’s technical areas in the Resource Review
The Relationship between Agricultural Biodiversity, Dietary Diversity, Household Food Security, and Stunting of Children in Rural Kenya
The concept of “nutrition-sensitive agriculture” designates a role for agriculture in providing food security – access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food for all people at all times. However, chronic hunger continues, suggesting agriculture in its current state does not adequately fulfil this role. This journal issue searches for remedies to this situation, shows how closely agriculture, nutrition and health are linked, and takes a look at the various entry-points for improving nutrition through agriculture.
Planning an Integrated Agriculture and Health Program and Designing its Evaluation: Experience from Western Kenya
In response to persistently poor maternal, newborn and child health indicators in low income countries, governments, non-governmental organizations and international donors have intensified the call for multi-sectoral interventions. These interventions require a new level of coordination between diverging goals, stakeholders, and evaluation. This paper aims to outline the multiple steps involved in planning a multi-sectoral program. It describes the authors’ approach to monitoring and evaluation, and it reflects on experiences in implementing the program and its evaluation.
Improving Women’s Nutrition Imperative for Rapid Reduction of Childhood Stunting in South Asia: Coupling of Nutrition Speciﬁc Interventions with Nutrition Sensitive Measures Essential
Reducing stunting in South Asia requires the coordination of nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific interventions, especially measures that lead to improved nutritional status for mothers. This paper suggests a range of potential program options to target adolescent women and mothers with the end goal of improving their nutritional status and that of children in the region.
Reports, Tools, and Other Related Materials
In his new book, journalist Roger Thurow tells stories of mothers and babies worldwide to explore the effort to end childhood malnutrition. Thurow highlights the importance of proper nutrition during the 1,000 days in influencing an individual’s ability to grow, learn, and work, as well as the ways that it determines a society’s long-term health and prosperity. The book explores these themes through four families in Uganda, India, Guatemala, and the United States.
Strengthening Coherence between Agriculture and Social Protection to Combat Poverty and Hunger in Africa: Diagnostic Tool
The Diagnostic Tool can assist program planners in identifying and mapping the scope and nature of linkages between agriculture and social protection interventions in their countries, including supportive and constraining factors. It can help in understanding how these linkages (or lack of them) affect livelihoods. This will provide a basis for identifying options for strengthening coordination as necessary within specific contexts.
The Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women (MDD-W) indicator acts as a tool for assessment, target-setting, and advocacy. MDD-W is a dichotomous indicator of whether or not women 15-49 years of age have consumed at least five out of ten defined food groups the previous day or night. The proportion of women 15–49 years of age who reach this minimum in a population can be used as a proxy indicator for higher micronutrient adequacy, one important dimension of diet quality. MDD-W can be generated from population-based surveys.
Methods for Estimating Comparable Prevalence Rates of Food Insecurity Experienced by Adults Throughout the World
The Voices of the Hungry project (VoH) aims to estimate prevalence of food insecurity consistently across national populations. These estimates are based on conditions and behaviors reported by adults through the Food Insecurity Experience Scale Survey Module (FIES-SM). The data collected are used to compute access to food and are adjusted to comparable international scales of food insecurity. The main purpose of the report is to allow food security analysts to evaluate the statistical soundness and adequacy of the methods described.
Nearly 200 performance and impact evaluations of Feed the Future programs were reviewed using the lens of the Feed the Future Learning Agenda to produce this report. Six themes and corresponding questions were addressed in the areas of agricultural productivity; improved research and development; expanded markets, value chains, and increased investment; improved nutrition and dietary quality; improved gender integration and women’s empowerment; and improved resilience of vulnerable populations. The purpose of this synthesis is to reveal trends, rather than serve as a final analysis, an attempt to comprehensively answer the Learning Agenda questions, or guidance to promote specific development approaches.
Implementing USAID’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy: A Platform for Promoting Coordination and Collaboration Among Partners and Across Sectors
The 2013 Lancet nutrition series argues that in order to achieve global targets for reducing undernutrition, there needs to be a multi-sectoral approach to include scaled-up, proven nutrition-specific interventions, as well as nutrition-sensitive interventions such as from the agriculture sector. This need for cross-sector collaboration was further outlined in the publication of the USAID 2014-2025 Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy, which states that “coordination along with collaborative planning and programming across sectors at national, regional, and local levels are necessary to accelerate and sustain nutrition improvements.” Participants in this webinar learned about different Mission-level approaches to promoting multi-sectoral coordination and collaboration to support nutrition outcomes and the lessons learned throughout the process.
Soy milk and soy yogurt have the potential to contribute to improved nutrition for thousands of people while generating economic opportunities. This webinar focused on developing sustainable and successful soy dairy processing enterprises around the world. Presentations covered the benefits of soy for human nutrition, soy processing and the Soy Cow system, and soy dairy entrepreneurship.