How Can We Reduce Anemia?
To do this, governments and communities must work together to implement effective interventions based upon the best information available.
Anemia Causal Pathway
There are a range of interventions to address anemia, but to be effective, the intervention must match the cause.
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
To reduce anemia, context is everything.
Strengthen country-led efforts
National and local efforts should drive anemia reduction efforts to ensure that strategies are context-appropriate and sustainable. A multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder approach is required. SPRING has directly engaged with governments in 5 countries to combat anemia.
SPRING provides technical assistance on national anemia efforts in Ghana, Kyrgyz Republic, Uganda, and Sierra Leone. This work has resulted in 51 national anemia working groups and development of strategies and protocols addressing anemia prevention and control.
SPRING created snapshots of country anemia situations that can be used for advocacy and to encourage coordination of anemia efforts.
Develop guidance tools
Guidance tools equip international and national practitioners with the latest evidence and effective approaches to address anemia. SPRING has developed 3 guidance tools to support anemia reduction.
The Understanding Anemia: Guidance for Conducting a Landscape Analysis includes a web-based and downloadable version. Thirty-four experts weighed-in to provide guidance that is up-to-date and relevant for assessing the national anemia situation.
The District Tool for Anemia (DATA) provides a way to assess and prioritize anemia interventions using a participatory approach at the district level. The tool has been piloted in Ghana, Nepal, and Uganda.
An approach that uses population-based data to assess the falter points of a country’s Iron Folic Acid supplementation program for pregnant women. Twenty-one country assessments are available.
Advance the global agenda
Collaborate with global partners to build evidence and develop stratgies that will effectively reduce anemia. SPRING has drafted 17 anemia-related journal articles.
The HEmoglobin MEasurement (HEME) Working Group and the Biomarkers Reflecting Nutrition Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) 2 Project are collaborative research groups to improve the assessment of anemia and its risk factors. SPRING plays an active role in both of these working groups.
Anemia is caused by multiple factors, with iron deficiency and other micronutrient deficiencies being major drivers. SPRING is strengthening the evidence base on the delivery of micronutrient powders (MNP), a key intervention for addressing vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
The USAID Bureau for Global Health is partnering with SPRING project and MCSP to hold USAID multi-sectoral anemia task force meetings that facilitate collaboration across sectors.
The Accelerated Reduction Efforts of Anemia (AREA) Community of Practice (CoP) was started by SPRING, UNSNC, and WHO in June 2015 to share information on ways to improve and scale-up strategies to reduce anemia. The CoP has grown to 700+ stakeholders from 65+ countries.